Most electricity in Ukraine is produced by nuclear and thermal power plants that are unable to make significant or rapid changes in the volume of energy generated, although consumption during the day is uneven. Peak load in the power grid is observed in the morning and evening, while at night there is "surplus" electricity that does not go to the consumer. The construction and operation of pumped-storage plants (PSPs) is one way of dealing with this imbalance. During the night-time drop in energy consumption, the PSP receives cheap electricity from the grid and uses it to pump water into an upper reservoir. During the morning and evening peaks in energy consumption, the water is released from the upper reservoir into a lower one, generating expensive peak electricity, which it returns to the grid.
National energy experts are proposing the construction of PSPs in the country’s plains, ignoring the fact that this territory is rich in cultural, historic and natural monuments.
Referring to the government’s energy strategy, which presupposes an increase in electricity production, large power companies are lobbying for the construction of the PSP, which was suspended several decades earlier, to be resumed (next to the currently operating hydropower plant).
Citizens are divided into three groups:
For environmentalists, it is completely unacceptable to undertake construction work in a nationally significant landscape, which would result in the irreversible destruction of the area’s unique natural, historical and cultural values, and the loss of its tourism and recreational potential.
They are concerned that the operation of the PSP would lead to the significant disruption of the entire ecosystem, leading to coastal erosion and other unpredictable consequences. Damage to unique island reserves in the proximity of the PSP would accelerate, and the threat of landslides, mudslides and soil erosion would increase, putting neighbouring towns and villages at risk.