At the initiative of environmental scientists and local environmental activists, a campaign for the creation of a national nature park (NNP) has been launched by several rural communities in a picturesque location that is home to many historical and cultural monuments. According to global practice, the creation of an NNP is one of the most efficient means of nature protection, as it harmonises the interests of the local population with the needs of the environment.
However, initiatives for the creation of new NNPs in Ukraine often face problems, as land has to be withdrawn from commercial use and changes have to be made in terms of the priorities for natural resources management.
Big businesses view the creation of an NNP as undesirable, as it would limit their exploitation of the area’s natural resources.
Small and medium-sized businesses view the NNP as an opportunity to widen their businesses in the spheres of recreation, tourism, and the marketing of environmentally clean food products.
Citizens are currently undecided. They are concerned by the scaremongering on the part of big businesses, and tend to believe the claims and sops offered by "dirty" investors, although they are becoming more environmentally aware and more capable of self-organisation to support NNP creation.
The creation of a network of NNPs is a precondition for the sustainable development of the area, the protection of biodiversity, and the prevention of environmental disasters.